Violet Leaf Absolute


Family: Violaceae

Botanical name: Viola odorata

Parts used : Leaves

Distillation: solvent extracted

Colour: Dark Green brown, becomes solid when temperature drops

Aroma: Earthy, grassy, slightly sweet

Note: Middle to base note

Main constituents: Nonadienal, parmone, hexyl alcohol, bezyl alcohol, ionone, viola quercitin

Yield: 0.1%

Properties: calming, comforting, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant and decongestant

 

ORIGIN

There are over 200 species in the Violaceae family that are native to France, Italy and England, and thrive in temperate and tropical regions. 

 

A LITTLE BOTANY

Violet, also known as English Violet, Blue Viloet, Sweet violet is a small perennial plant that grows a few centimeters high.  It has dark heart shaped leaves and small flowers. 

FOLKLORE & TRADITIONAL USES

The Greeks considered the violet as a symbol of fertility and love. 

Throughout history and civilisations, it has had its medicinal uses.  Pliny, in ancient Greece recommended to weave the flowers and leaves into a garland to wrap around the head as a remedy against headaches and dizzy spells.

Traditionally in Europe, violet flowers have been used to make a syrup as a remedy to soothe respiratory congestions, coughing and sore throats.

The crushed leaved were used in plasters over area of skin to reduce swelling, redness, eczema and irritation.

The flowers are edible and are still used nowadays to add colours to a salad or candied to use as decorations on cakes.

 

THE ABSOLUTE

A concrete and absolute is produced from the leaves and the flowers.  The absolute produced from the leaves is dark green to brown, the absolute produced from the purple flowers is yellow-green.  The latter is extremely rare to source.  The leaf absolute is more commonly found and is mostly used in the perfume industry. 

Grasse in France is the centre of the violet absolute production.  Like most flowers, the yield is extremely low.  It has been reported that 1000 kg of leaves will transform into 1 kg of concrete.



USES IN MODERN AROMATHERAPY

.  As an analgesic, violet leaf can be use to soothe and reduce pain. 

Tension headache

Rheumatism, arthritis

Muscular stress and tension.

- As an expectorant, it is useful for cough and bronchitis.

1 drop violet leaf, 2 drops lemon, 1 drop thyme linalool

Add to a 10 ml bottle of jojoba and use as a chest rub

Add to half a glass of water and use as a gargle for sore throats

 - Due to its cooling nature, violet leaf can be added to any skin formula that will treat area of the skin suffering from redness, inflammation, eczema and dermatitis.

 - Psychologically, violet has a calming and comforting action and brings peace.

 Robert Tisserand’s ‘Essential Oil Safety’  does not recommend any special precautions when working with violet leaf absolute.  It may cause sensitization.  Use diluted within the usual recommended guidelines for essential oils.

 

A FEW SUGGESTIONS

Violet leaf is a vital ingredient in the Perfumer’s palette and it is indeed  the Perfume Industry that absorbs most of the production of the absolute.

Violet leaf blends well with a wide spectrum of essential oils and as such is very versatile:  Within the floral group, choose clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine, neroli, tuberose. Within the spices, cardamom, cumin, black pepper.  Within the woods, sandalwood, cedarwood.  Within the citrus, bergamot, orange, mandarin, grapefruit, lime.  And let’s not forget among others, patchouli, vetiver, basil, coriander.

The absolute is a concentrated extract and can be difficult to evaluate. Sniffed direct from the bottle, it does not have the appealing aromas one would expect if one is used to other extracts of the same nature such as jasmine or rose.  The subtleties of violet absolute are best experienced in a dilution or indeed blended with other essential oils which will bring out and enhance its exotic notes. 

Below are a few suggestions

 Tension Headache

* Violet 1 drop

* Peppermint 1 drop

* Lavender 1 drop

* Lemon 2 drops

* Clary sage 1 drop

Add to a 10 ml bottle of jojoba. Put 2 drops on temples and massage. 
Or just make up the blend of essential oils and sniff from the bottle as required

Calm & rest before sleep

* A few drops by the bed

* Violet 1 drop

* Clary sage 1 drop

* Geranium 2 drop

* Mandarin 2 drops

* Bergamot 2 drops

* Orange 2 drops

* Vetiver 1 drop

The following 2 blends have not been designed with any particular ailment in mind.  They are possible combinations using violet leaf to create  beautiful aromas one could potentially wear as a perfume.

These can be added to a body oil  -  1% dilution  or 30 drops / 100 ml. 
Or to some perfumer’s alcohol

The blends will improve with time and will mature as time goes by. 

They will also offer a different spectrum or aromas when applied onto the skin and you will be able to enjoy every floral note as the perfume ages and blends with your skin.


 Fresh & Green

* Violet 1 drop

* Coriander leaf 1 drop

* Jasmine 1 drop

* Neroli 1 drop

* Geranium 2 drops

* Orange 2 drops

* Bergamot  2 drops


Flowery and Sweet

* Violet 1 drop

* Black pepper 1 drop

* Jasmine 1 drop

* Rose otto 2 drops

* Patchouli 1 drop

* Palmarosa 1 drop

* Bergamot 2 drops

 

http://www.herbbee.com/essential-oil-profiles/violet/

Julia Lawless—the encyclopaedia of essential oils

Robert Tisserant - Essential oil safety

 

 



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